Printed Circuit Boards (PCBs)

Printed Circuit Boards (PCBs)

Product/Tech Description
  • 0
  • September 1, 2023

For more specific and detailed information about Printed Circuit Boards and PICA’s experience and capabilities click here.

Printed Circuit Boards (PCBs) are the backbone of electronic devices, providing the necessary connections between components to create functional systems. With advancements in technology, the demand for more complex and efficient PCBs has grown significantly. PICA Manufacturing Solutions stands at the forefront of these technological advancements, offering a competitive edge with its extensive experience and broad technology offering.

For 29 years, PICA Manufacturing Solutions has been a leader in the printed circuit boards industry, specializing in a range of technologies that cater to the evolving needs of electronic device manufacturing. One of the company’s key strengths is its High-Density Interconnector (HDI) technology. The HDI printed circuit boards design is essential for miniaturization, allowing for more components to be packed into a smaller space without sacrificing performance. This technology is crucial for modern, compact devices, and PICA’s expertise ensures high-quality, reliable boards.

PICA also excels in manufacturing high layer count printed circuit board designs, with capabilities up to 32 layers. This allows for complex, multi-functional devices that require extensive connections and circuitry. Coupled with micro vias and plugged vias technology, PICA can create intricate patterns necessary for advanced electronic devices, improving signal integrity and reducing cross-talk.

Thermal management is another area where PICA shines. With solutions like heat sinks and advanced materials, PICA ensures that devices operate within optimal temperature ranges, enhancing performance and longevity. This is complemented by their impedance control and heavy copper plating (up to 6oz) services, which are vital for high-power applications, ensuring consistent electrical performance and reducing the risk of damage due to overheating.

PICA offers a wide range of finishes, including Electroless Nickel Immersion Gold (ENIG), Electroless Nickel Electroless Palladium Immersion Gold (ENEPIG), immersion tin and silver, Organic Solderability Preservative (OSP), and Hot Air Solder Leveling (HASL) – Lead Free. These finishes not only protect the printed circuit board but also improve solderability and connectivity, crucial for the longevity and reliability of the final product.

PICA’s Design for Manufacturability (DFM) process is a testament to their commitment to customer success. By aiding in designing products that take advantage of their broad technology offering, PICA helps customers minimize costs, maximize functionalities, and achieve optimal miniaturization and heat dissipation. This approach not only ensures high-quality products but also streamlines the manufacturing process, reducing time to market for new devices.

PICA Manufacturing Solutions’ comprehensive technological capabilities, including HDI, high layer count printed circuit boards, micro and plugged vias, thermal management, impedance control, heavy copper plating, and a wide range of finishes, combined with their extensive experience and customer focused DFM process, make them a premier choice for advanced printed circuit board manufacturing solutions.

The main differences between single-sided, double-sided, and multi-layer PCBs are as follows

Single-Sided Printed Circuit Boards

Single-Sided PCB design: Have conductive traces on only one side of the board. Components are soldered onto this side, and the other side is usually left blank or used for soldering surface-mount components. They are the simplest and most effective type of PCB designs. They are used in simple electronics applications such as calculators, toys, and basic control systems.

Double-Sided Printed Circuit Boards

Double-Sided PCB design: These PCBs have conductive traces on both sides of the board. The traces on each side are connected through plated-through holes which are small holes drilled through the board and plated with conductive material. This allows for more complex circuit designs and a higher density of components. Double-sided PCB designs are widely used on consumer electronics, industrial equipment, and automotive applications.

Multi-Layer Printed Circuit Boards

Multi-Layer PCB design: Consists of three or more layers of conductive traces separated by insulating layers, often referred to as “core” layers. These layers are connected through vias which are small conductive holes that allow electrical connections between layers. They provide greater design flexibility, higher component density, and improved signal integrity. They are used in complex electronic systems, such as computers, smartphones, high-speed communication devices, and advanced industrial equipment.


Single-Sided PCBs:
Simplicity and lower cost of production.
Easier to design and manufacture.

Double-Sided PCBs:
Increased circuit density and complexity compared to single-sided PCBs.
Ability to incorporate surface-mount components on one side.

Multi-Layer PCBs:
Higher component density and complex circuitry.
Improved signal integrity and reduced electromagnet interference.


Single-Sided PCBs:
Low complexity and cost-sensitive electronics such as calculators, remote controls, and basic control systems.

Double-Sided PCBs:
Consumer electronics, audio/video equipment, industrial controls. Automotive electronics and a wide range of electronic devices.

Multi-Layer PCBs:
High performance computers, smartphones, networking equipment, medical devices, aerospace systems, automotive electronics and any electronics requiring advanced functionality and miniaturization.

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